BLOCH, MARC (1886–1944), French historian. Bloch was professor of medieval history at the University of Strasbourg from 1919 to 1936 and then at the Sorbonne. He fought in both world wars and after the fall of France in 1940 was a leader of the Resistance. He was arrested, tortured, and executed by the Gestapo. One of Bloch's most significant works was in the field of French medieval agrarian history, Les caractères originaux de l'histoire rurale française (1931; French Rural History, 1966). A further contribution to economic historiography was his founding (together with Lucien Febvre) of the important review, Annales d'histoire économique et sociale. Bloch's La société féodale (1939–40; Feudal Society, 1961) became a standard work on feudalism. He did not accept the identification of feudalism with military service, the view held in England and Germany, still less the Marxist oversimplification of feudalism as exploitation of peasants by landlords. Instead, he analyzed the structure of feudal society and the relationship between history and economics during that period. In a posthumous work, L'étrange défaite (1946; Strange Defeat, 1949) Bloch affirmed his detachment from the Jewish faith and from all other religious dogmas. Nevertheless, he acknowledged his Jewish descent and his admiration for the tradition of the Hebrew prophets. His other works were L'Ile-de-France (1913); Rois et serfs (1920); Apologie pour l'histoire, ou métier d'historien (1949; The Historian's Craft, 1954). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Febvre, in: Les Cahiers politiques (March, 1945), 5–11. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Fink, Marc Bloch: A Life in History (1989); S.W. Friedman, Marc Bloch, Sociology and Geography (1996); E. Bloch, Marc Bloch (18861944): Une biographie impossible (1997); O. Dumoulin, Marc Bloch (Fr., 2000). (Avrom Saltman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bloch, Marc — ▪ French historian in full  Marc Léopold Benjamin Bloch  born July 6, 1886, Lyon, France died June 16, 1944, near Lyon       French medieval historian, editor, and resistance leader known for his innovative work in social and economic history.… …   Universalium

  • Bloch, Marc — (1886 1944)    historian    Born in lyon, the son of Gustave Bloch, the noted professor of Roman history at the sorbonne, Marc Bloch, along with lucien febvre, compiled the Annales d histoire économique et sociale (1929). Appointed professor of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bloch, Marc — (1886 1944) A distinguished French medieval historian, co founder of the prominent Annales School , and therefore important influence on the historical sociology of such work as the world systems theory of Immanuel Wallerstein. Bloch was an… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Bloch, Marc — (1886 1944)    French historian. Born in Lyons, he studied at the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris. He then studied in Germany and returned to France to work in Paris. He influenced a gener ation of French historical scholarship through his… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Bloch, Marc — ► (1886 1944) Historiador francés. Obras: Reyes y siervos (1920), La sociedad feudal (1939 40) y, sobre todo, Apología de la historia (1949) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bloch, Marc (Léopold Benjamin) — born July 6, 1886, Lyon, France died June 16, 1944, near Lyon French historian. He served in the French infantry in World War I. From 1919 he taught medieval history at the University of Strasbourg, where he cofounded the important periodical… …   Universalium

  • Bloch, Marc (Léopold Benjamin) — (6 jul. 1886, Lyon, Francia–16 jun. 1944, cerca de Lyon). Historiador francés. Formó parte de la infantería francesa en la primera guerra mundial. A partir de 1919 enseñó historia medieval en la Universidad de Estrasburgo, donde fue uno de los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bloch — Bloch, Marc …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Marc Bloch — Born 6 July 1886(1886 07 06) Lyon, France Died 16 June 1944(1944 06 16) …   Wikipedia

  • Marc Bloch — Nacimiento 6 de julio de 1886 …   Wikipedia Español

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